Tafkheem التفخيم and Tarqeeq الترقيق
All letters of Isti'laa are Tafkheem.
ل -- Always Tarqeeq (light), except in the proper name "Allah" when preceded by a Fat'ha or dhamma (Allah).
* ر is tafhkeem when there is a fat'ha or dhamma on it, or when it is silent but preceded by a fat'ha or dhamma.
*ر is tarqeeq when there is a kasrah on it or when it is silent but preceded by a kasrah.
Exceptions to rules for ر mentioned in the previous episode.
* A silent ر, when preceded by a silent ي, will always by tarqeeq.
*ر is always tafkheem when preceded by a letter of isti'laa.
* When ر is silent, is preceded by a silent letter, and the third letter before it has a fat'ha or dhamma, that ر is considered tafkheem.
* When ر is silent, is preceded by a silent letter, and the third letter before it has a kasrah, that ر is considered tarqeeq.
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