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Lesson 24,Sakt سَكْت or The breathless pause , Tajweed guide book 1

lesson 24,Sakt سَكْت or The breathless pause ,

Tajweed guide book 1 

Lesson 24  (intermediate)
This is lesson 24 of “Tajweed Guide to Read Right book, part 1”

Available at :- Amazon
Lesson 24: The Sakt  سَكْت (The breathless pause )
Sakt  سَكْت
The breathless pause

Its applied definition: Cutting off the sound for a time less than the time of a stop, without breathing, with intention of returning to the recitation immediately.

Sakt سَكْت or The breathless pause

Places that   حَفْص عَن عَاصِم   مِن طَرِيق  الشَّاطِبِّيَّة    has a سكت
There are four places where the Sakt is required (waajib) for the reader reciting the Qur'an by the way of Hafs 'an 'Aasim min Tareeq Ash-Shatibiyyah to do all of these  سكت as long as he/she is reading the two words that have a سكت in between them in continuum.  If the reader stops between the two words (which is allowed in al-Kahf and Ya seen), then the  سكتwould not be employed, since it is now a stop.  

1.     The first Sakt سكت (a short breathless stop) is made on the Alif substituted in place of the Tanween in the word عِوَجَا , at the beginning of surah al-Kahf, when joining the first Aayah with the next one , then would read قَيِّمَا.   
وَلَمْ يَجْعَلْ لَهُ عِوَجًا (1) قَيِّمًا لِيُنْذِرَ
This doesn’t mean that it is not allowed to stop on the word  عِوَجَا since it is the end of an Aayah. If one stops though, there would be no  سكت

2.  There is also a سكت after the word  مَرْقَدِنَا, in Aayah 52 of surah YaSeen  
) قَالُوا يَا وَيْلَنَا مَنْ بَعَثَنَا مِنْ مَرْقَدِنَا هَذَا مَا وَعَدَ الرَّحْمَنُ وَصَدَقَ الْمُرْسَلُونَ (52)  when the reader joins it  with the next phrase هَذَا مَا وَعَدَ الرَّحْمَنُ  without stopping.  It is allowed to stop on the word  مرقدنا then there obviously would be no  سكت
3.  There is also a سكت on the word من, in Aayah 27 of Surah Al-Qiyaamah,  وَقِيلَ مَنْ رَاقٍ (27); after the sakt,  the recitation continues with the word  راق.  There is Ith-har اظهار  in من , since the  سكت prevents the letters from meeting, and therefore there is no  ادغام. of the noon saakinah in the word

4.   There is also a سكت on the لام of the word   بلwith اظهار of the لام because the سكت prevents the two letters from meeting so there is no ادغام in aayah 14 of surah al-Muttafifeen
 كَلَّا بَلْ رَانَ عَلَى قُلُوبِهِمْ مَا كَانُوا يَكْسِبُونَ (14)  .  After the sakt,  then recites the next word  ران.

NOTE: These four Sakt are required when reading these words in continuum with what follows, when reciting by the Shatabiyyah way of Hafs.

There are two Allowed ( جائز) sakt in two different places in the Qur’an.  These two Sakt are not specific to the recitation of Hafs, but are allowed in the other ways of recitation also.  These "Allowed" Saktaat means there is more than one allowed way of reading in these places.

1.     The first allowed سكت is between the end of surah al-Anfaal, and the beginning of surah at-Tawbah
إِنَّ اللَّهَ بِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ عَلِيمٌ (75) بَرَاءَةٌ مِنَ اللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ
 when joining the end of al-Anfaal with the beginning of Surah at-Tawbah.  The allowed Sakt سكت is on the م of the word عليم then the recitation continues with  بَرَآءَةٌ مِنَ الله.  Again, there are other allowed ways of joining these two surahs.

2.     The second allowed سكت is on the word ماليه  in verse 28 of Surah al-Haaqqah when continuing with the next Aayah
  مَا أَغْنَى عَنِّي مَالِيَهْ (28) هَلَكَ عَنِّي سُلْطَانِيَهْ (29)
 There is another allowed way of reading when joining these two Aayat, that is Idghaam of the first Saakin letter ها of the word  ماليه into the voweled ها of the word هلك .  Both of these two ways of joining these two Aayat are allowable.

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