lesson 16,The Lahn or mistakes in Qur'an reading,
Tajweed Guide book 1
- Changing (substituting) one letter for another e.g. letters of the Arabic alphabet which may sound “close” to one another, but nonetheless have different “Makharij” (articulation points). An example of this could be substituting a “saad” (ص) for a “seen” (س) or substituting a “kaaf”(ك) for a “qaaf” (ق). This can alter a word into a completely different word (and meaning).
- Extending (Elongating) the sound of a letter in a word, such that it implies that there is an extra letter there. An example of this could be extending the length of a “Fat-ha” sound (one of the short vowels) on a letter so it sounds like an “Alif” is after that letter (i.e. making it sound like a long vowel sound), or elongating the sound of a “Kasra” (another short vowel) on a letter so that it implies that there is a “yaa” after that letter. An example of this would be saying the word ( لَتَرَوُنَّ) incorrectly as ( لَّا تَرَوُنَّ ), and this would affect the meaning of the verse which contains this word.
- Shortening the sound, such that a long vowel sound is made into a short vowel sound. An example of this could be making the long vowel sound of a “Fat-ha followed by an ‘Alif’ ” into a short vowel sound of just the “Fat-ha”. This is, in effect, the opposite of the previous sub-category. An example would be saying the word ( لَّا تَعْلَمُونَ ) incorrectly as ( لَّتَعْلَمُونَ )
- Changing one “Harakah” or vowel for another. For example, in the following verse, if the “Fat-ha” on the letter “Haa” in the word “Allah” were to be mistakenly read as a “Dammah”, it would change the meaning of the verse into an opposite (and forbidden) meaning.
These mistakes involve leaving those rules of recitations and subtle properties of the letters that contribute to the completeness and beauty of the recitation. This type of mistake is “makruh” (disliked) to commit and does not invalidate the prayer in which such a recitation is done.
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