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The obligation of Tajweed 2

 The obligation of Tajweed

The ruling of reading with
Ibin Al-Jazaree : the great Quran and Hadeeth scholar of the 9th Century (Hijri) says in his famous poem
detailing the rules of Tajweed:
And applying Tajweed is an issue of absolute necessity, whoever doesn’t apply Tajweed to the Quran
then a sinner is he.”
He regarded it as an obligation 
and he regarded leaving it as a sin.
And the majority of scholars agree that applying the Tajweed rules of Quran are an individual obligation upon every Muslim who has memorized or read part of or all of the Quran.
That is because the Quran was revealed with the Tajweed rules applied to it and the Prophet (SAW) recited it back to Jibreel in that way and the Companions of the Prophet (SAW) read it in that way, so it is an established Sunnah.

The obligation of Tajweed 
The proofs that the scholars bring to show the obligation of Tajweed is that Allah says in the Qur’an:
وَرَتِّل اْلْقُرْءانَ تَرْتِيلاً    (4) المُزمل
The meaning of which is:‘And recite the Quran aloud in a slow and melodious style (tarteela)’ 
(Surah Muzzammil, verse 4
Ali ibn Abi Talib (RA) said in the explanation of this verse: “At-Tarteel is Tajweed of the letters, knowing where to stop correctly”. And of the rights of reciting correctly is reciting it the way it was revealed.

There are various Ahadeeth that showing us the importance of Tajweed.
  Umm Salamah was asked about the recitation of the Prophet (SAW) and she described it as a recitationclearlydistinguished letter by letter
 Sa’eed bin Mansoor relates in his Sunan that a man was reciting the Quran to Abdullah bin Mas’ood and he recitedInnamas sadaqaatu lil fuqara-i wal masaakeen
so Ibn mas’ood said: “This was not how the Messenger of Allah (SAW) recited it to me!” So the man asked, “How did he read it to you oh Aba Abdir-Rahman?” So he said
Lil Fuqaraaaa-i wal masaakeen”, he elongated the word Fuqaraa and the knowledge of the different lengths of elongation (mudood) is from the rules of Tajweed.
Ibn al-Jazari  said:
Whoever is able to read the words of Allah with correct Arabic pronunciation but he deliberately pronounces it incorrectly like a non-Arab, out of arrogance, stubbornness and complacency, or because he is too proud to go to a scholar who could help him to correct his pronunciation, is undoubtedly falling short and sinning and being dishonest.
The Messenger of Allaah (pbuh) said: “Religion is sincerity: to Allah, to His Book, to His Messenger, and to the leaders of the Muslims and their common folk.”
It is not permissible for anyone to deliberately change any letter of it when he is able to pronounce it correctly.
This is a kind of mistake which is a sin.
If a person finds it difficult to pronounce the letters correctly – such as people in whose language some of the Arabic letters  do not exist – such as
ع,غ,ح,  ذ , ظ and خ
they have to try to learn
the correct pronunciation, but if they are unable to master it then they are excused, but their example should not be followed, and they should be called upon to strive their hardest to learn and correct their pronunciation.
And none of them should lead the prayer, unless he is leading others like him who cannot pronounce well either.

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