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Noon Saakinah and Tanween

Noon Sakinah and Tanween

What is Tanween and Noon Sakinah ?

What is Tanween and Noon Sakinah ?

Tajweed Rules Of Noon Saakin And Tanween

One of the key benefits of learning the Quran with Tajweed is stated in a hadith of the Prophet “those who can recite the Quran meticulously and precisely will get the highest ranks in Jannah” because the Holy Quran is the only book that its recitation is considered a form of worship and has great reward. There is no other book or speech that fits this description.

So, Every Muslim is expected to recite the Quran correctly to the best of his ability in the correct manner that was revealed to Our Holy Prophet ﷺ. Moving on to the recital, we will study all the Meem Sakinah rules to the best of our abilities. Here, we learn about the tajweed rules noon saakin and tanween to make our recitation precise and correct.

Allah The Almighty said:

“And recite the Qur’an with a chant”, i.e., do not rush to read the Qur’an, but rather read it slowly and clearly while reflecting on the meanings.

Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said:

“The one who is proficient with the Qur’an will be with the noble and righteous scribes (the angels), and the one who reads it and stumbles over it, finding it difficult, will have two rewards.”

Ibn Al-Jazari also “Most Famous Tajweed Scholar” said:

“The practical application of Tajweed is without doubt compulsory. Who does not read the Quran correctly is a sinner”.

The 4 Noon Saakin Rules and Tanween

Noon saakinah is a noon free from any vowel .  It remains unchanged in its written form and as well as in pronunciation when continuing to read after it and when stopping on it.

Noon saakinah occurs in nouns and verbs in the middle of the word and at the end of the word, and occurs in prepositions and particles only at the end of the word.  The noon saakinah can have a sukoon on it, as in : , or can be written with no vowel on it, as in : .  Either way, it is considered a noon saakinah

The tanween is a term for an extra noon saakinah not used for emphasis, found at the end of nouns when continuing the reading, but absent from the noun in the written form (the noon of the tanween is pronounced but not written), and abandoned in pronunciation when stopping.  
The tanween can be accompanying a fathah, a dhammah, or a kasrah, as in: .  
When there is a noon saakinah or tanween, we need to look at the next letter following the noon saakinah or tanween.  
The letter that follows determines how the noon is pronounced, depending on the rule that is applied.  There are four rules of tajweed applied to the noon saakinah and tanween. The rules are applied to the noon saakinah in the same way that they are applied to the tanween.  The four rules are:
 The Making Clear [Izhar] : 
In this case the  is read clearly

The Merging [Idghaam] : 
In this case the  is merged into the next letter either partially or completely.

The Changing [Iqlaab] : 
Here the  is changed into another letter.
 The Hiding [Ikhfaa]: The  is hidden so it is not a clear noon, but at the same time, not merged into the next letter. 

  • for Izhar Halqi الأظهار الحلقي lesson click here
  • for Iqlaab lessonالأقلاب click here.
  • for Idghaam lesson click الأدغام here.
  • for Ikhfaa haqiqi الأخفاء الحقيقي lesson click  here

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