lesson 23,Exceptions to the rule of إِدْغَام merging,tajweed guide book 1

lesson 23,Exceptions to the rule of إِدْغَام merging,tajweed guide book 1 

Lesson 23  (intermediate)
This is lesson 23  of “Tajweed Guide to Read Right book, part 1”
Available at :- http://www.lulu.com/spotlight/tajweedGuide
Lesson 23: Exceptions to the rule of إِدْغَام (merging)

There are 3 Exceptions to the rule of إِدْغَام (merging)

1-     The first exception : The Idghaam of the Noon Saakinah and Tanween can only occur between two words.  If there is a Noon Saakinah in the middle of a word followed by one of the Idghaam letters, there is no merging, instead the Noon is pronounced clearly with Ith-har
This is called: (absolute clearness) إِظْهَار مُطْلَق
  In the Glorious Qur’an this only occurs with the Noon Saakinah followed by a Yaaي  or a Waw  و and in only four words. 
قِنْوَانٌ  ,  صِنْوَانٌ ,  بُنْيَانٌ  , الدُّنْيَا     
2-     The second exception in the reading of Hafs ‘an ‘Aasim by the way of Shatabiyyah, does not make إِدْغَام in these two examples
The next two examples involve the individual separate letters that start some different Surahs.  These letters are read as if each letter is written out,
for example in surah Al-Qalam,
ن وَالْقَلَمِ وَمَا يَسْطُرُونَ (1)
 The first letter Noon نون  , is recited just as you would read the word:  نون.  This wordنون  ends with a Noon Saakinah.  If we were to join this individual letter, recited as the word نون  with the next following word,
We notice that the next word  والقلم starts with a Waw  و.   In this case, however, Hafs ‘an ‘Aasim by the way of Shatabiyyah, does not make an Idgaam, but instead recites the Noon Saakinah clearly, then recites the next word.  It is preferred and most common, to stop on the end of the individual letter  نون, but continuing is allowed. 
 The same things said about this example can be said about the Noon Saakinah at the end of the individual separate letter سين  in the first two Ayaat of surah Ya-Seen:
يس (1) وَالْقُرْآَنِ الْحَكِيمِ (2)
The second separate letter of the first Aayah is the letter سين which ends with a Noon Saakinah.  The first word of the second Aayah  وَالْقُرْآَنِ starts with the letter Waw و .  If we were to join the first and second aayah together, there would be a Noon Saakinah (the last letter of the word سين meeting with the letter  و.  but as above Hafs ‘An ‘Aasim by the way of Shatibiyyah, does not make an Idghaam when joining these two Aayaat together; instead the Noon Saakinah of the word سين is recited clearly (This is called :  إِظْهَار رِوَايَة
وَ قِيلَ مَنْ      رَاقٍ  

3-     The third exception is in Aayah 27 of surah Al-Qiyaamah: . 
The second word of this Aayah  مَن ends with a Noon Saakinah, and the first letter of the next word is a Raa.  Under normal circumstances, there would beادغام بغير غنة , or an Idghaam without a Ghunnah,
.  In this aayah though, there is a brief breathless pause, known in Arabic as  سكتbetween the word  من, and the next word: راق.  This short pause without a breath prevents the Noon Saakinah of the word من  from meeting with the ر of the following word, راق.  There is therefore, no Idgaam ادغام, or merging, of the Noon Saakinah with the ر here.
 The Sakt  سَكْت sign in Ayah 27 of Soorat Al-Qiyaamah prevent the merging إدْغَام

These are the exceptions to the idghaam rule for the Noon Saakinah and Tanween. 
Next will be the Sakt سكت lesson Inshaa Allah

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