Lesson 19: The Rules of Raa


Lesson 19 (intermediate)
This is lesson 19 of “Tajweed Guide to Read Right book, part 1”

Lesson 19: The Rules of Raa

The را has 8 cases in which it has Tafkheem, 4 cases in which it has Tarqeeq, and 2 cases that allow either Tafkheem or Tarqeeq.

The Eight cases in which the را has Tafkheem:
1.  If it has a Fat-hah, such as in  رَمَضَانَ
2.  If it is Saakinah and before the را is a letter with a Fat-ha, as in: مَـرْيَمَ

3.  If it is Saakinah and the letter before it has a Sukoon, and the letter before that has a fat-h, as when stopping on the word:وَﭐلْعَصْر


4.  If it has a Dhammah, as in  : كَفَرُوا
5.  If it ( را), has a Sukoon, and the letter before it has a Dhammah, such as in : ﭐلْقُرْءَانَ


6.  If the را is Saakinah, preceded by a Saakin, which is preceded by a Dhammah.  As when stopping on the word: خُسْر
7.  If the  را is Saakinah and preceded by a presented Kasrah ( this is in the Hamzah wasl).  The را is pronounced with Tafkheem when preceded by Hamzah wasl, if we start on the Hamzah wasl with a Kasrah, or if continuing from the previous word.  Examples:   رْجِعِى , ﭐلَّذِى رْتَضَى


8.  If the  را is Saakinah and before is a Kasrah, and after the  راa letter of  استعلاء that does NOT have a Kasrah; meaning it has any vowel (including the Sukoon) except a Kasrah.  As in  وَإِرْصادًا

The Four Cases in Which the را Has Tarqeeq
 1.          If the را  has a Kasrah, as in : كـرِيمٌ
 2.           If the را  is Saakinah, and a Kasrah precedes it, such as:  فِـرْعَوْنَ

 3.           If the را is Saakinah, and the letter before it is Saakin, and the letter before that has a Kasrah.  This would occur when stopping, as in the example: حِجْـرْ 
 4.          If it is saakinah, and preceded by Ya madiyah
         or Leniyah.  such as        ,   قَدِيـر         ,          خَيْـرْ             ْ

The Cases Where Both Tafkheem and Tarqeeq are Allowed of the را

1.            If the را is Saakinah, and it is preceded by a Kasrah, and it is followed by a letter of  تفخيم (استعلاء)group, and this letter has a Kasrah. 
 There is only one example of this in the Holy Qur’an, and that is the word    فِـرْقٍ كَالطَّوْدِ
   in verse 63 of surah Ash-Shuraraa’.  The two different ways of reading the  راapply when continuing the reading, not when stopping.  When stopping on the word   فِـرْقٍ ِ
  the را has Tafkheem, according to the eighth case in which the را has Tafkheem.
 
2.            If the را is Saakinah and it is preceded by a Saakin letter, which is preceded by a Kasrah, and the Saakin letter which precedes the را, is a letter of  استعلاءgroup. 

 There are two words in the Qur’an that have these circumstances when stopping on them.  They are the words  
  
ﭐلْقِطْرِ  which is in verse 12 of surah Saba’ and the word,
     
مِصْـرَ  which is in verse87 of Surah Yunus, verse 21, and 99, of surah Yusef, and verse 51 of Az-Zukhruf.  

These two words can be read with Tafkheem or Tarqeeq of the را when stopping on them. 

When reading these words in continuum with that which comes after, the rule of the letter را depends on the vowel on the را; if there is a fat-h or Dhammah, the را is read with Tafkheem, if there is a Kasrah, the را is read with Tarqeeq.



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