the importance of Supplications, their Virtues and Supplications of the Prophet (pbuh

قال الله تعالى ( غافر 60 ) : { وقال ربكم ادعوني أستجب لكم }
وقال تعالى ( الأعراف 55 ) : { ادعوا ربكم تضرعا وخفية إنه لا يحب المعتدين }
وقال تعالى ( البقرة 186 ) : { وإذا سألك عبادي عني فإني قريب أجيب دعوة الداع إذا دعان } الآية
وقال تعالى ( النمل 62 ) : { أمن يجيب المضطر إذا دعاه ويكشف السوء } الآية

Allah, the Exalted, says:
"
And your Rubb said: `Invoke Me, [i.e., believe in My Oneness (Islamic Monotheism)] (and ask Me for anything) I will respond to your (invocation).''' (40:60)
"
Invoke your Rubb with humility and in secret. He likes not the aggressors.'' (7:55)
"
And when My slaves ask you (O Muhammad (PBUH)) concerning Me, then (answer them), I am indeed near (to them by My Knowledge). I respond to the invocations of the supplicant when he calls on Me (without any mediator or intercessor).'' (2:186)
"
Is not He (better than your gods) Who responds to the distressed one, when he calls on Him, and Who removes the evil?'' (27:62

وعن النعمان بن بشير رضي الله عنه عن النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم قال : [ الدعاء هو العبادة ] رواه أبو داود والترمذي وقال حديث حسن صحيح

1465.
An-Nu`man bin Bashir (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) said, "Du`a (supplication) is worship.''
[
Abu Dawud].
Commentary: What is prayer but an expression of one's humbleness and helplessness before Allah. The expression of one's weakness, inferiority and lowliness before the Infinite Power and Might of Allah is in fact the essence of worshipping Him. For this reason, prayer has been regarded as the essence of worship. Thus, prayer is reserved for Him Alone and it should not be addressed to anyone else in any case. Al-Qadi `Iyad said that Du`a is that act of worship which alone deserves to be referred to as `Ibadah, or worship, because when one observes it, one in fact shows drawing near to Allah, utter dedication to Him and rejection of all that He does not like and approve
وعن عائشة رضي الله عنها قالت : كان رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم يستحب الجوامع من الدعاء ويدع ما سوى ذلك . رواه أبو داود بإسناد جيد

1466. `
Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) liked comprehensive supplications or (Al-Jawami` - i.e., supplications with very few words but comprehensive in meanings), and discarded others.
[
Abu Dawud].
1467.
Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The supplication most often recited by the Prophet (PBUH) was: "Allahumma atina fid-dunya hasanatan, wa fil-akhirati hasanatan, wa qina `adhab-annar (O our Rubb! give us in this world that which is good and in the Hereafter that which is good, and save us from the punishment of the Fire).'''
[
Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
In the narration of Muslim it is added that whenever Anas supplicated, he used to beseech Allah with this Du`a.
Commentary: It is desirable to recite this Du`a which is mentioned in the Qur'an (2:201) and which comprehends all that is good both in this life and the Hereafter. The Prophet (PBUH) made it a habit to recite this Du`a, and the Companions were eager to follow him in all his words and actions

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