Salahuddin Ayyubi

Salahuddin Ayyubi

Born in Tikrit, Iraq, Saladin, his Arabic name is Salah al-Din Yusuf ibn Ayyubi.
After Saladin's uncles' death in 1174, Saladin became the khalifah.
Following the surrender of Damascus (1174), H alab ( Aleppo ) (1183), and Mosul (1186), numerous Muslim armies, allied under Saladin's command.
Uniting their forces, they planned a decisive attack on Muslim area battle of Hittin took place and the Muslims won under the leadership of Saladin.
Saladin treated the prisoners with tolerance.
In 1187 CE, Saladin conquered Jerusalem .
On Friday 27th Rajab 583 AH, Saladin entered Jerusalem .
After entering the city they went straight to the Mosque and cleaned it.
Then for the first time in more then 80 years, the people of Jerusalem heard the Azan (call of prayer) from Al Aqsa Mosque.

When the crusaders captured Jerusalem , there was a river of blood engulfing the city.
When Salahuddin recapture Jerusalem , not a drop of blood was spilt.
Thousands of Crusaders were arrested.
When their mothers, sisters, and wives appealed to Saladin, he released them.
Many crusaders were ransomed.
He paid for many of them; , he provided them transport, etc. He allowed neither massacre nor looting; he gave free pardon to all citizens; he even arranged for their traveling; he granted freedom to Christians to leave the city if they paid a small tribute.
Saladin paid it, himself, for about ten thousand poor people.
His brother paid it for seven thousand people.
Saladin also allocated one of the gates of the city for people who were too poor to pay anything that they leave from there.
In 1189, Western Europe launched the Third Crusade to win back the holy city, but they failed.
On March 4, 1193, Saladin died in Damascus .
He died with no possession of Gold coins, Palaces, Slaves, but the holy land of Jerusalem .
He is remembered by Muslims as well as Non-Muslims as a kind hearted un-selfish warrior.
He was a religious person and followed the teachings of Quran and Prophet Muhammad's sunnah regarding War, he treated all of his prisoners with respect and dignity, no torture, massacre, mass killing, took place during his time.
And unlike all other Sultan's he did not build a single Palace or any building for himself he put up mosques, palaces, hospitals, and universities in for his Muslim brothers in Cairo.
This is why he is a favourite topic to write on by even Westerners.
This is a letter written by Salahuddin Ayyubi when he started his Jihad against the crusaders more than 9 centuries ago:
"We hope in Allah most high, to whom be praise, who leads the hearts of Muslims to calm what torments them and ruins their prosperity.
"Where is the sense of honour of Muslims?
The pride of Believers?
The Zeal of the Faithful?
"We shall never cease to be amazed at how the disbelievers for their part have shown trusts, and it is the Muslims who have been lacking in zeal.
Not one intervenes to straighten what is distorted; but observe how far the Franks have gone what unity they have achieved.
What sums of money they have borrowed and spent.
There is not a King left in their lands or islands, not a lord or a rich man who has not competed with his neighbours to produce more support and rival his peers in strenuous military efforts.
In defence of their religion they consider it a small thing to spend life and soul; and they have kept their infidel brothers supplied with arms and champions of war; and all they have done and all their generosity has been purely out of zeal for him they worship in jealous defence of their faith.
"The Muslims on the other hand are weak and demoralized; they have become negligent and lazy, the victims of unproductive stupefaction and completely lacking in enthusiasm.
If , Allah forbid, Islam should draw rein, obscure her splendour, blunt her sword, there would be no one, east or west, far or near who would blaze the zeal for Allah's religion, or choose to come to the aid of truth against error.
"This is the moment to cast off laziness, to summon from far and near all those men who have blood in their veins; but we are confident (he speaks about himself and the small party of believers who began with him and then became a large party); but we are confident, thanks to Allah-Alhamdulillah-in the Help that will come from him and entrust ourselves to him in sincerity of purpose and deepest devotion.
"Insha Allah, the disbelievers shall perish and the faithful have a sure deliverance."
“If the taking of Jerusalem were the only fact known about Salahuddin, it were enough to prove him chivalrous and great hearted conqueror on his own and perhaps any age” (Stanley Lane- Pole (historian))

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