lesson 25, The Connective Lengthening مَد الصِّلَة,tajweed guide book 1


lesson 25, The Connective Lengthening مَد الصِّلَة,tajweed guide book 1

Lesson 25   (intermediate)
This is lesson 25  of “Tajweed Guide to Read Right book, part 1”
Available at :- http://www.lulu.com/spotlight/tajweedGuide
Lesson 25: The Lesser Connecting Medd مَد الصِّلة الصُغرَى 

The Lesser Connecting Medd مَد الصِّلة الصُغرَى
It is a Madd that comes from the vowel on a  هاء الضمير(pronoun or possessive pronoun ـه) which meets the following conditions:
A  ـهon the end of a word (last letter) that is not part of the original make-up of the word, representing the singular third person male.  It is voweled either with a Dhammah or a Kasrah, positioned between two voweled letters, the reader is not stopping on it, and it is not followed by a Hamzah.  When all these requirements are met the Dhammah on the ـه  (if there is one) becomes lengthened into a 


lengthened و or the kasrah on the ـه becomes lengthened like a lengthened  ي.  When stopping on this ـه we stop with a regular Sukoon, and the two count Madd is dropped. 
If the ـه has a sukoon on it (when continuing and when stopping), there is no lengthening of the vowel on the ـه .  If the letter before, and or after the ـه  has a sukoon, there is no lengthening of the vowel of the ـه . 
The Greater Connecting Lengthening مَد الصِّلة الكُبرَى
Its definition: If the pronoun/possessive pronoun ـه  representing a third person male gender is at the end of a word (meaning not part of the original make-up of the word) and it has a vowel of a Dhammah or a Kasrah, is between two voweled letters, and the first letter of the next word is aHamzah, the Dhammah on the pronoun/possessive pronoun  ـه  is lengthened into a و , or the Kasrah is lengthened into a ي and it can be lengthened four or five counts. 
This lengthening has the same requirements as the Lesser Connecting Lengthening
(
مَد الصِّلة الصُغرَى), except in this case (meaning The Greater Connecting Lengthening/ مَد الصِّلة الكُبرَى ), there is a Hamzah as the first letter of the next word following the pronoun/possessive pronoun  ـه , whereas in the Lesser Connecting Lengthening
(
مَد الصِّلة الصُغرَى), there cannot be a Hamzah as the first letter of the next word after the pronoun/possessive pronoun  ـه . 
This Madd follows the allowed separated lengthening (مد مُنفَصِل جَائِز) in vowel counts.
Will be discussed later inshaa Allah

Exceptions to :  Silah Sughra  مَد الصِّلة الصُغرَى

The First:
وَإِنْ تَشْكُرُوا يَرْضَهُ لَكُمْ       الزمر 7
Here there is NO Madd of the    ـه  even though all the conditions are met.
The Second:
وَيَخْلُدْ فِيهِ مُهَانًا (69)     الفرقان 69
Here there IS a Madd, even though all of the conditions have not been met (there is a Sukoon before the  ـه ).
This is the way Hafs ‘an ‘Aasim reads these ‘aayaat.
The pronoun    ـه  of the female noun     هذِهwhich means “this” referring to a female object, follows lesser connecting medd rule if it is between two voweled letters.




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